Techniques of Surrealism

Surrealism is a branch of art that does not focus on the realistic things of life; instead it prefers to give importance to the subconscious or unconscious as is advocated in the theories of Sigmund Freud. This form of art found its way into the modern world during the inter war years during the 20th century, and came to be one of the most fashionable forms of art.

Since the art of surrealism does not portray any object as it is, the artists invented many techniques to being out the real thing in an impossible location, in order to produce images that are random and by chance. One of the greatest pioneers of surrealism is max Ernst, he was not just an artist but a German, who sculpted, painted, made graphic art, and also wrote poetry. He has a diversity of talent and creativity.

Those who know, understand and appreciate art should always visit exhibitions and art galleries in order to keep the desire for more and more innovative art alive. Mark Borghi from New York owns fine art galleries in New York and two other places that exhibit all kinds of art, though they specialize in Post- war American art.

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The genre of surrealism follows many techniques in order to get the perfect image of the artists mind. This article gives a small synopsis of the various styles and techniques used for the achievement of the surreal essence.

  1. Frottage – this is a technique in which a piece of paper is kept over a rough surface such as sand paper and rubbing the paper with a pencil until an impression of the underneath surface is got.
  2. Decalcomania – in this paint is splashed onto a paper and while it is still wet another paper is kept over it and rubbed so as to get forest like patterns.
  3. Grattage – an already painted canvas is placed on top of a textured surface like a wire mesh and then the paint is scraped off slowly.
  4. Drip painting – a technique which was most probably begun by Jackson Pollock, who works are exhibited in Mark Borghi’s fine art gallery in New York City.
  5. Collage – this involves the cutting off and rearrangement of steel engravings which helped in the production of bizarre fantasies.
  6. Fumage – brought forward by Wolfgang Paelen, in this technique a lit candle was held under a sheet of paper to form various patterns and figures.
  7. Automatic Drawing – this is the technique that does not keep any boundaries for anyone. All you have to do is let the line of a pen to move around anywhere and everywhere it likes, without any conscious planning.
  8. Automatic Painting – in this sand and glue are placed on a canvas, on which oil paint is applied and the paintings are done after which they make the paintings based around those shapes.

There is no doubt to kind of contribution surrealism makes to the field of contemporary and modern art, and the latest movement that borrowed elements from Surrealism are Cynical Realism.

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Chad Sanchez

Chad Sanchez

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